What Is Ham Radio?

A common hobby and service that connects people, electronics, and communication together are Amateur Radio (ham radio). Ham radio is used by people to communicate cities, countries, or even into space, all without the Internet or mobile phones. During times of need, it can be fun, emotional, instructional, and can be a lifeline for others. In this article, we will explore everything you need to know about HAM radio.

Ham Radio


While professionals show the charge in many cases, there are a few noteworthy exceptions where radio amateurs learned new aspects of radio technology and paved the way in others because professional thinking was very distinct. Amateur radio history can be divided into a variety of separate levels (as seen in the figure below), each of which tells the tale of a different part of the history of ham radio.


In addition to this, the early stage of licensing for ham radio was not envisaged to flourish in the early days of the development of ham radio. Thus, all were permitted to transmit and no restriction was in effect. However, it was decided that licenses would be required when the radio continued to be used for commercial purposes. Licenses began to be issued in the UK in 1904, and this happened in several other countries at the same time.
Callsigns began to be released as well, but this came a little later. No call signs existed originally as amateur radio stations went on the air. It quickly became apparent that it required some sort of identification. In several nations, radio amateurs began to invent their own, but authorities quickly provided call signs.



Professionals, as well as amateur researchers, were independent to use the new wireless medium as they wished. There were no licenses required. Initially, governments had little idea of what could be done by wireless or radio, or what controls were needed. This, however, soon began to change.

UK Amateur Radio Licensing

A direct result of the new UK legislation was that it was necessary to characterize licenses. The first licenses were approved in 1905 and were entitled “Licence to use Wireless Telegraphy Equipment for Experimental Purposes.” In June 1906, a database of those approved with these experimental licenses was compiled and contained the details of sixty-eight individuals.

US Amateur Radio Licensing

A little after, the first amateur radio licenses were issued in the USA. There was originally little intervention between stations because only a few miles at the most were the intervals they could approach. Distances expanded along with the number of radio amateurs as the technology improved. With the rise in interference levels, the US Congress began to consider the possibility of legislating in 1902.

How to Get HAM Radio License

Step 1: Choose the Level of License

There are three types of licensing that the FCC (The Federal Communications Commission) is providing. For a stage, you have to pass an examination, and you have to start as a Technician and progress upwards. If you’re new to ham radio, you must first obtain the Technician’s License.

Step 2: Study for the Exam

You need to start studying for the exam now that you have determined which license is right for you. For most individuals, the entry-level Technician License Test takes about 10 hours of study. There are 35 questions for the Technician and General License tests respectively, and the Amateur Extra has 50. You must get at least 74 percent in order to pass each examination.

Step 3: Take the Exam

You now must take the test from an FCC-accredited Volunteer Examiner Coordinator. VECs are the only entities in the United States lawfully licensed to hold ham radio license exam sessions. Later on, An official signed document will be given to you by the volunteer examiners stating that you passed on the spot.

Video: Five Easy Steps to Get Your Ham Radio License – Ham Radio Q&A

How Much Does it Cost?

Around $100 is the cheapest baseline. This will buy you a simple short-range radio with low power and pay the expense of your examination and review books for your ham radio license. At this point, second-hand equipment is ideal and it may be less than $400 for a shortwave transmitter and a basic antenna. You’ll look to extend your horizons with additional facilities and aerials while you discover and appreciate ham radio.

HAM Radio Books and Study Expenses: Around $20- $30

The American Radio Relay League (ARRL) produces three research bibles in the United States to learn what you need to pass the examination to become a certified radio ham. It is necessary to purchase the latest (2019) written version of the ARRL Ham Radio Licence Manual from the ARRL.

HAM Radio Exam: $40

There are two sections of the Intermediate License exam. The first is a practical one, where a simple circuit of components is fastened. Part two consists of 45 questions with different options, each with four possible responses. The price is (2019) $20-$40 and first, you need to have completed the Foundation course.

First HAM Radio Station: $50 and above

You will find inexpensive and pleasant Chinese hand-held transceivers that span a single VHF band on FM at the cheapest end of the scale. On two bands, usually 2 meters, and 70cm, some of the cost end radios can work. These compact portable radios are low-power and distance-limited but are suitable for city contracts.

Modes of Сommunication

Being a ham radio operator is a bit like becoming a magician in several respects. Right under your noses, there is this whole universe that many of the operators are totally ignorant of. In fact, there are different communication modes used by amateur radio operators. Here are some of the interesting ones.

Morse Code

Of course, to figure out more, you have to listen in and then study the art of communicating through morse code. But because of the nature of this signal, there is a lot of other correspondence that exists by morse code-it is essentially a form of digital communication, even before the introduction of digital radio.


If you had little radio experience, you might conclude that it was only a means of verbal contact. In reality, by using the correct encoding parameters, you can send any type of data. Bluetooth, which simply uses a type of radio, reveals this transmission. Using slow-scan television (SSTV), amateur television (ATV), or television, images are also transmitted over the radio, like film.

Analog Voice

The technological term for the primary contact method used by hams is analog voice. Wave types are basically mediated by amplitude, wavelength, and phase, and this helps a listener to transform a signal into a voice. You can listen to local news, entertainment, radio shows, and more in this manner.

Digital Voice

The same end-result as analog voice is obtained by digital voice communications, but the main distinction is in the way the data is encoded. This is translated to a stream of data, which effectively functions by stops and starts in the transmission as a form of binary (ones and zeros).
Other modes of communication include text and data. Then there are the operations, such as Earth-Moon-Earth (EME) or Satellite, also referred to as ‘modes’ (OSCAR).

Ham Radio SHTF Digital Mode for Tactical Comms

How to start Ham Radio

It will be important to set aside a few other rooms for the equipment when trying to set up ham radio shacks / amateur radio stations. A ship broadcast room or an amateur radio station is termed a radio shack and the term has stayed from the early years of radio.

HAM Radio Preparation

A standard amateur radio shack may contain a range of equipment, along with transmitters, receivers, and a number of auxiliary items. Some shacks can be tiny and elegant, containing a limited amount of equipment to fit in a closet or in the corner of a room. Some shacks can be small. For their ham radio equipment, other persons may want to put down a room.

Step 1: Study and Taking the Exam

By completing an assessment that checks your awareness of amateur radio laws, legislation, operating procedures, and technical topics, each license class is obtained. For each license level, a pool of exam questions has been created, and your test will consist of questions taken from the question pool. It’s important to study for you to be able to familiarize yourself with the terms associated with HAM radio. Then, take a licensure exam for you to be a certified HAM radio operator.

Step 2: After Exam High

It’s the moment to get busy and get in the air after the brightness of exam success has faded a bit! Get radio and establish some channels, find the local circuits, join a club, configure a station in your car or put up a base antenna for better performance. There is no shortage of things that need to be done.

Step 3: Licenses, Frequency Privileges, and Operating

First, refer to the previously added problem of amateur license classes, the frequency rights given by each license class, and the type of on-air service you can do for such license classes as a ham. This will give you a much clearer idea of what a ham radio license will do for you. At this phase, you may have worked out that you would need a radio to transmit and receive signals using certain modes in order to access the multiple transmitting modes available to ham operators.

Ham Radio – A Beginner Introduction


What is a ham radio used for?

The amateur radio, also known as ham radio utilizes its radio frequency with range for non-commercial data transmission, wireless testing, self-training, private entertainment, radio sports, contesting, and emergency notification or communication purposes.

Can a ham radio be traced?

Although you are unlikely to be traced by enthusiasts, law enforcement is another possible community that can try to find a broadcast location. It is possible to use HAM radios in an unauthorized way under the F.C.C. rules, either by working without a license or by misusing the radio.

Do police use ham radios?

Yes, the vast majority of U.S. police forces now work on radio networks compliant with the tiny technical miracles of $30. Programmable handheld instruments are marketed for use by amateur radio and HAM operators are marketed for use on their two-meter and 70-centimeter bands parallel to the public safety channels.

Are Baofeng radios illegal?

Yes, the vast majority of U.S. police forces now work on radio networks compliant with the tiny technical miracles of $30. Programmable handheld instruments are marketed for use by amateur radio and HAM operators are marketed for use on their two-meter and 70-centimeter bands parallel to the public safety channels.

Are Baofeng radios illegal?

Although it is true that all of the Baofengs become wide open on any frequency in the 136-174Mhz and 400-520Mhz range, and importing, marketing, and selling these devices is illegal, whether you are a registered amateur radio operator and work only on amateur radio frequencies, it is not illegal to possess or work on these devices.

Is it hard to get a ham radio license?

It’s not hard to get a license in the Technician Class, even though you have no experience in electronics. Part of the explanation for this is that, unlike the name, the Technician Class license exam stresses working procedures, rules and regulations, and safety, rather than the technical aspects. For a more advanced license, it is suggested to study more than the time you will spend on the Technician Class license exam.

Amateur Radio (Ham Radio) as Fast As Possible